Install Node.js — installer vs. Homebrew vs. NVM
No matter if you are working on backend or are in the frontend camp, Node.js is getting more popular day by day and you may need to install it at some point. There is plenty of ways to install it on your operating system and I am about to show you the most popular methods and highlight pros and cons of each of them.
Pre-built installer for your platform
The easiest and most obvious way is to download a pre-built installer for your platform from the Node.js downloads page. Installation itself is very straight forward — next, next, next, done.
Despite the fact it is the easiest way of installing it, it comes with many disadvantages. It locks you to a particular version — it may not be a big issue on day one but it can be in the long run if you are willing to jump between projects that depend on different versions. Another (worst) issue with this method is the fact that it requires admin permissions (
sudo) to install package globally. I published “Fix privileges and never again use sudo with npm” with some solutions for this issue, but you better check “Resolving EACCES permissions errors when installing packages globally” on official documentation or follow this article.
Node from Homebrew / Chocolatey
“Homebrew — the best friend of the macOS user” explains why I love this tool so much. Windows users can find an alternative like Chocolatey. Both of these package managers allow you to install Node.js with ease.
brew install node
choco install nodejs.install
CLI tools like that allow you to install / uninstall software in no time and never again be bothered by insufficient permissions. Although they allow you to manage versions too, in Node.js you should use…
NVM (Node Version Manager)
Node Version Manager is a simple bash CLI that allows you to install multiple Node.js versions and switch between them using simple commands. Although it is available for macOS and Linux only, Node.js version manager for Windows exists (ironically it is written in Go). Installation is straightforward — you can use a simple bash script or
brew (my preferred way).
curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/creationix/nvm/v0.34.0/install.sh | bash
brew install nvm
Thats the way to install the latest version of Node.js.
nvm install node
Be curious and explore more
nvm commands on an official nvm documentation. My most frequently used commands are:
It is hard to remember the version of Node.js that a project depends on — smash the version into
.nvmrc file in the root of your project and run
nvm use inside this directory. If something can be automated, it should be automated — installing the right version of dependencies is not an exception. I made a simple bash script that runs
nvm use whenever it encounters a
.nvmrc file inside your project. There is a cool zsh-nvm plugin for Zsh users that does the same job.
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Do you use nvm by @creationix to manage @node versions? Have you ever forgotten to— Paweł Grzybek (@pawelgrzybek) January 12, 2019